Have to/Must

Have to

I have to do something =it is necessary to do it,I am obliged to do it

obliged: 强制,强迫

We use do/does/did in question and negative sentences

我们在否定句合疑问句中需要使用do/does/did

example:

  • What do I have to do to get a new driving license?

    not What have I to do

  • Karen doesn’t have to work Saturdays.

    not Karen hasn’t to

Must/Have to

Similar

Must is similar to have to

  • It’s later than I thought.I must go. or I have to go.

You can use must or have to when you give your own opinions

(for example, to say what you think is necessary, or to recommend someone to do something)

  • Mark is a really nice person.You must meet him./You have to meet him.

    我推荐你去见见他,说不定能成呢?

Difference

We use have to(not usually must) to say what someone is obliged to do.This is a fact,not the speaker’s own opinion.

example:

  • I have to work from 8.30 to 5.30 every day .

    我必须去工作,这不是我能决定的

But we use must in written rules and instructions:

  • Applications for the job must be received by 18 May

We use had to(not must) to talk about the past:

  • I went to the meeting yesterday, but I had to leave early.

Mustn’t and don’t have to

Mustn’t and don’t have to are completely different

You mustn’t do something=don’t do it

  • You must keep this a secret. You mustn’t tell anyone

    不要告诉任何人


You don’t have to do something=you don’t need to do it(but you can if you want)

  • You don’t have to come with me .I can go alone.

    你不用和我一起来(你非要来也没关系)


have got to

You can use have got to instead of have to

Example:

  • I’v got to work tomorrow. or I have to work tomorrow.
  • When has Helen got to go? or When does Helen have to go?

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